With global warming looming, scientists around the world are searching for solutions. A new solution has been suggested for the Arctic, a mass planting of specific plants. Huge amounts of carbon and nitrogen are stored in the permafrost in the Arctic. New studies reveal that potential for plant emissions are promising, and tests are being carried out to begin understanding the conditions necessary for nature to accomplish this. This research began with Finnish researchers resulting in findings that plant emissions do in fact positively affect the environment, which leads to repairing some of the damage done by global warming causes. These repairs could be the answer to combat the threat of global warming. The scientific community is researching and examining the potential effectiveness of planting plants in the Arctic regions.
Studies in northern Sweden on how decomposition of organic matter in the Arctic is being affected by climate change are being conducted by Johannes Rousk at Lund University and Kathrin Rousk and Anders Michelsen from the University of Copenhagen and the Center for Permafrost (CENPERM).
"As the Arctic region becomes warmer, more shrubs start to grow, rather than moss which is difficult to break down. The shrubs have leaves and roots that are easy to break down and secrete sugar. What we have shown is that decomposition organisms, such as bacteria and fungi, are triggered to look for nutrient-rich organic materials that contain more nitrogen, while decomposition as a whole is reduced," says Johannes Rousk. "I suspect it will have an inhibiting effect on global warming," he says.