It is in the interest of parents to want their children develop properly, physically, emotionally, and intellectually. The reason why we take interest in the age of 3 is that the time between ages 2 and 3 is actually full of challenges and milestones.
Motor skills are classified into two major groups: gross motor skills and fine motor skills. Gross motor skills describe those physical movements that involve a broader range of motion and muscles. Fine motor skills would be those that enable us to perform small tasks with dexterity.
Gross Motor Skill that a 3-Year-Old Kids can Master
These are the activities that use large groups of muscles and are related to playing time.
- walking up and down steps alternating feet
- walking in a straight line
- jump up with both feet
- kick a ball
- run a long distance without falling
- walk on tiptoes
- climb up jungle gyms easily
- pedal a tricycle
- throw a ball
Kids at this age will experiment with each and every one of those activities if given the chance. Parents will usually respond to these experiences with a "Don't do that!" But allowing them to develop these skills is essential. Giving them the space to develop their gross motor skills will give them more confidence and balance. Some minor falls and scrapes are bound to happen at this time but they learn what they can and cannot do.
Fine Motor Skill that a 3-Year-Old Kids can Master
Fine motor skills use the hand and small muscle groups. This is what you can expect from a 3-year-old:
- hold and write with a crayon
- turn the pages of a book
- dress self with a little help
- feed self (still with a little mess)
- build a block tower
- put on shoes (not tie laces)
- open and close lids
- wash and dry hands
Probably the most exciting achievement here is learning how to draw, although they are just scribbles. Encourage these types of activities supplying them with properly sized crayons, finger paint, etc.